Taliban and Mujahideen both stand in the name of Islam. However, one can find much difference between the two. Taliban or Students of Islamic Knowledge Movement has its roots in Afghanistan. They ruled Afghanistan from 1996 to 2001 until they were ousted from power by the US military.
There are two contrasting stories about the origin of Taliban.
One story is that the rape and murder of boys and girls of a family who were travelling to Kandahar or some similar outrage by Afghani bandits aroused Mullah Omar, who is credited with the formation of Taliban, and his students to take a vow to rid Afghanistan of these criminals. The other story is that Pakistan-based “Afghanistan Transit Trade” and the United States along with the Pakistan government, trained, armed, and financed Taliban for clearing the southern road across Afghanistan to the Central Asia for the completion of a oil pipeline.
Initially Mujahideen groups fought against the establishment of a Soviet style atheistic government in Afghanistan during the late 1970s. Mujahideen groups have spread to various countries like India, Chechnya, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo and Macedonia, Iran, Iraq and Somali. They are called into battle by their love of Islam and Allah! Where ever there is abuse and death of Muslims at the hands of Godless militaries or militias you'll find them, accompanied by "Angels" of Allah.
Coming to the Etymology, Mujahideen have been derived from two words jihad and mujahid. Jihad means to struggle and Mujahid means struggler. The particular verb stem from which both the terms are derived means “to struggle” or “to exert effort against”. However, Taliban is a Pashto word meaning students.
When we compare the ideology of the two groups, both have their ideologies based in Islam. The Taliban has a tribal ideology, which can be called an innovative form of sharia combining Pashtun tribal codes.
The Mujahideen’s have based their ideology completely in defending religious faith. They beleive strongly in the Islamic aspect of Martyrdom or fighting Fesibillilah, (for Allah's sake only, to stop the spread of oppression and evil) Following strick rules of engagement, established in Sharia Law.
1. Taliban or Students of Islamic Knowledge Movement ruled Afghanistan from 1996 to 2001 until they were ousted from power by the US military.
2. Mujahideen groups fought against the Soviet government trying to establish their Godless rule in Afghanistan, during the late 1970s
3. Taliban was born out of anger against Afghanistani bandits.
4. Mujahideen have been derived from two words jihad and mujahid. Taliban is a Pashto word meaning students.
The origin of al qaeda (which means "The Base") can be traced to the writings of Sayyid Qutb, an Islamic thinker. The basic ideology of al qaeda is to establish an Islamic state in Afghanistan, with focus on Sharia. They want to get rid of socialism and nationalism, which they consider as non-Muslim concepts.
This group named after the station of their meeting place "The Base" in Afghanistan is a fictional interpretation of Bin Laden's efforts to rid Saudi Arabia of Rulers that were seen as ineffective in establishing sound Islmic principals in Islam's Holiest cities. This has thus been created by the enemies of Islam to be an international assault on the west, all fictional and created as a cover to promote the "War on Terrorism" When in actuality Muslims and non-Muslims around the world are fighting for freedom and the end to exploitation, oppression and torture of it's people by demonic forces.